Through the 12-μm pore membrane, the number of migratory si-SW1990 cells significantly decreased by 85% compared with SW1990 (Fig. 4A, B). si-BxPC3 showed similar reduction of invasion to ECMs (Fig. 4B). Figure 3 Effect of MUC5AC suppression on cell adhesion. (A) Cancer cells were seeded in 96-well plates coated with Matrigel, laminin and fibronectin. After 30 min incubation, adherent cells were quantified by MTT assay. A phase contrast photograph of SW-1990 shows the representative adhering cells to the well coated in finbonectin. Scale bar, 50 μm. (B) Quantitication of the effect of
MUC5AC downregulation on cell adhesion to Matrigel, laminin and fibronectin. Cell adhesion of si-SW1990 and si-BxPC3 learn more to ECM declined significantly compared with parental cells. Shown data are means ± SD. *; P < 0.05; **; P < 0.01; ***; P < 0.001. Figure 4 Effect of MUC5AC suppression on cell invasion. (A) Cell invasion through membrane filter coated with Matrigel was examined. 72
h later, invading cancer cells were stained by hematoxylin and counted under a microscope. A phase contrast photograph of SW-1990 shows the representative adhering cells to the well coated in finbonectin (arrows). Scale bar, 50 μm. (B) The number of invading si-SW1990 and si-BxPC3 was significantly Luminespib molecular weight lower compared to parental cells. Data shown are means ± SD. ***; P < 0.001. Suppression of MUC5AC reduced expression of integrins and production of MMP-3 and VEGF In order to clarify the underlying mechanisms of these properties, we examined the mRNA expression of molecules associated with cell adhesion and invasion by RT-PCR. No differences were seen between SW1990 and si-SW1990 with regard to mRNA expression of E-Cadherin, Snail, ZO-1, ZO-2, MMPs and integrins, whereas
mRNA expression levels of α3, α9, and β3 integrin, MMP-3 and VEGF had decreased in both of si-SW1990 as compared with SW1990. si-BxPC3 also exhibited lower mRNA expression of α3 integrin, Adenosine triphosphate MMP-3 and VEGF. No expression of VEGFR-2 and twist were detected (Fig. 5A). Next, we investigated production of MMP-3 and alpha 3-integrin proteins by cancer cells, resulting in higher expression level of these proteins by parental cells compared with MUC5AC suppressed cells (Fig. 5B). In addition, production of VEGF was significantly lower in the culture supernatant of si-SW1990 and si-BxPC3 (Fig. 5C). Having demonstrated that SW1990 and si-SW1990 cell express VEGFR-1 mRNA and produce VEGF, we finally examined phosphorylation of VEGFR-1 (p-VEGFR-1) and Erk1/2 on both cell lines by Nutlin-3a manufacturer western blot analysis. Fig. 5B showed that VEGF induced VEGFR-1 phosphorylation were higher in both of SW1990 and BxPC3 compared with si-SW1990 and si-BxPC3. Moreover, Erk 1/2 phosphorylation was strongly reduced in MUC5AC reducing cells.