In this technical note, we demonstrate that by making alternative design decisions in the CPU implementation, an additional speedup can be obtained, again of an order of magnitude. By carefully considering memory access locality when dividing the workload among blocks of threads, the CPU’s cache is used more efficiently, making more effective use of the available memory bandwidth. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Background: In relapsed germ cell tumors, salvage chemotherapy with paclitaxel,
Barasertib ifosfamide, and cisplatin (TIP) is a well-established regimen for patients with favorable features such as a primary testicular tumor and prior complete remission (CR) after the initial chemotherapy. We
reviewed patients who had received salvage TIP chemotherapy, and evaluated the efficacy of TIP, linking it to patient characteristics. Patients and Methods: Between August 1998 and May 2009, a total of 14 patients were treated with salvage TIP chemotherapy. 10 of 14 had cisplatin-refractory disease, and none of the patients were expected to show a favorable outcome to conventional-dose salvage chemotherapy. Results: Of the 14 patients, 5 (37.5%) showed a favorable response (CR in 1 patient, partial response (PR) in 4 patients) to TIP alone, and 1 had CR with subsequent surgery after TIP. 2 patients with CR and another 2 patients SNX-5422 nmr who attained disease stabilization are still alive at 81.3, 25.4, 69.3, and 27.4 months, respectively. After a median follow-up of 41.0 months (range 11.1-137.6), the median overall survival time for all patients was 21.1 (range 5.0-112.6). Conclusions: Even in the presence of poor prognostic features, salvage TIP chemotherapy can be an active regimen in
patients with relapsed or refractory germ cell tumors.”
“The ability to encode and maintain the exact order of short sequences of stimuli or events is often crucial Z-DEVD-FMK mw to our ability for effective high-order planning. However, it is not yet clear which neural mechanisms underpin this process. Several studies suggest that in comparison with item recognition temporal order coding activates prefrontal and parietal brain regions. Results of various studies tend to favour the hypothesis that the order of the stimuli is represented and encoded on several stages, from primacy and recency estimates to the exact position of the item in a sequence. Different brain regions play a different role in this process. Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex has a more general role in attention, while the premotor cortex is more involved in the process of information grouping. Parietal lobe and hippocampus also play a significant role in order processing as they enable the representation of distance. Moreover, order maintenance is associated with the existence of neural oscillators that operate at different frequencies.