Rigid gas-permeable lenses were safer than LASIK in every analysis. The safety of LASIK exceeded that for daily-wear soft lenses only when assumptions were most favorable to LASIK, whereas the safety of LASIK always exceeded that for extended-wear lenses except when assumptions were least favorable to LASIK.
CONCLUSION: This decision analysis found that
the risk for vision loss associated with LASIK and with long-term contact lens wear might be closer than generally assumed.”
“Objectives: We compared selleck inhibitor the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory characteristics of enterovirus 71 (EV71) cases recorded in the epidemic year of 2008 with those of the past decade.
Methods: We estimated the annual incidence rates in the general population and in different age groups. We reviewed the clinical and epidemiological information of the cases. The complication and case
fatality rates (CFR) were compared with the corresponding average rates for the period 1998-2007. The molecular strains of EV71 isolates were determined.
Results: The estimated annual incidence was 1.4/100 000 in the general population, with the highest incidence (27.9/100 000) reported among children aged under 5 years. The seasonal MLN4924 Ubiquitin inhibitor peak occurred from May to July. The majority (92.9%) presented with hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD; 90.8%) or herpangina, and 11.2% had complications including meningitis or encephalitis
(6.1%), pneumonia (3.1%), acute flaccid paralysis (1.0%), and shock (1.0%). The CFR was 1.0%. Nearly half (45.9%) of school-aged cases had concurrent HFMD outbreaks at their schools/institutions. There was no statistically significant difference in the complications rate and CFR when compared to those of the past decade. see more Molecular analysis showed that the majority were genogroup C4 strains, similar to the past circulating strains.
Conclusions: The cyclical high activity has had significant public health and social implications. To strengthen public health surveillance and control, EV71 infection was made a statutory notifiable disease in 2009. (C) 2010 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.