56; 95% CI: 044–072) However, a higher rate of °III and °IV ad

56; 95% CI: 0.44–0.72). However, a higher rate of °III and °IV adverse events

was observed under systemic treatment (56% vs 6%). Similar results were obtained in the phase III ACTS-GC trial from Japan, evaluating the effect of adjuvant treatment with the oral 5-FU analogue S1 after D2-gastrectomy for GC [34]. The 5-year overall survival (OS) was 71.7% in patients receiving adjuvant treatment compared to 61.1% in the surgery-only group (HR 0.669; 95% CI: 0.540–0.828). A retrospective analysis of data from 10,251 patients in the US American SEER database evaluated the effect of pre- or post-surgery radiation in patients undergoing surgical gastrectomy for GC [35]. Concerning the entire cohort, there was no survival benefit for patients receiving any kind of radiation. Selective assessment of patients with positive lymph node involvement PF-562271 purchase revealed improved median overall and 5-year survival rates (pre-op. radiation: p = .0261; post-op. radiation: p < .001). However, retrieval of more than 15 lymph nodes during primary surgery was an independent predictor of survival in multivariate

analysis. As the outcome of patients with advanced GC is still poor, several this website regimens of systemic chemotherapy have been further assessed concerning their effectiveness in the palliative setting. In the Austrian GASTRIC-II trial, the combination of oxaliplatin, irinotecan, and cetuximab has been applied in 51 patients with advanced GC [36]. In 35 patients accessible for response evaluation, there was an overall response rate (ORR) of 23% with a median

time to progression (TTP) of 24.8 weeks and a median OS of 38.1 weeks for patients with wild-type status of the K-ras gene. Main toxicity was acceptable, however, with neutropenia in 35% (°III in nine and °IV in one patient, respectively), thrombocytopenia in 33%, anemia in 73%, peripheral polyneuropathy in 37%, nausea in 45%, diarrhea in 57%, and fatigue in 37% of patients. In a Chinese phase II trial, a modified XELIRI (capecitabine plus irinotecan; Xeloda®, Roche Pharmaceuticals, Basel, Switzerland) regimen was reported to be adequately safe and effective (ORR 43.7%) median TTP 5.6 months, MCE公司 OS 11.0 months)) [37]. Grade III/IV adverse events were neutropenia (15.6%), anorexia (9.4%), nausea (9.4%), vomiting (6.3%), and diarrhea (6.3%). Despite strong data from earlier studies supporting the addition of docetaxel to platinum/5-FU-based regimens, there are still phase II trials with conflicting results. A study from Turkey could not demonstrate a significant effect by addition of docetaxel on neither median OS (6.5 vs 8.7 months) or TTP (4.4 vs 65.2 months) in a cohort of 70 patients [38]. However, a Greek study demonstrated ORR of 59% and a median survival of 18.0 months for patients receiving docetaxel, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine with acceptable toxicity [39].

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