Electroencephalogram (EEG) was continually recorded in order to a

Electroencephalogram (EEG) was continually recorded in order to assess P300 responses, an event-related potential (ERP) associated with attention and memory processes. Trauma history only, and not dissociation or PTSD scores, predicted smaller P300 amplitudes to target tones. To distracting novel sounds, only trauma history and dissociation predicted unique variance in P300 amplitudes. The findings suggest that PTSD may not be central to the attentional disturbances found in traumatized samples, while trauma history and dissociation may play a more important role. Future studies investigating attentional processes post trauma should utilize dissociation scales and a non-trauma

sample. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose: We evaluated Rigosertib the morbidity of nephrectomy in patients older than age 80 years.

Materials and Methods: Between June 2002 and March 2011, 2,530 patients underwent surgery for renal tumor at 5 French academic centers. Of these patients 180 (7.1%) were age 80 years or older, including 22 (12%) and 158 (88%) who underwent partial and radical nephrectomy, respectively, and 47 (26.1%) who were treated with a laparoscopic approach.

Results: Mean patient age was 82.3 Selleck ABT737 years. Median Charlson score was 4. Mean preoperative glomerular filtration rate was 47 ml/minute. A total

of 136 complications were recorded in 70 patients (38.8% of all patients). Of the patients 28 (15.5%), 25 (13.9%) and 17 (9.4%) experienced 1, 2 and 3 or more complications, respectively. According to the modified Clavien classification grade I, II, III, IV and V complications were observed in 7, 81, 19, 23 and 6 patients, respectively. The transfusion rate was 31.1% (56). On logistic regression analysis the parameters of PF-6463922 Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status 2 to 4 (p = 0.035) and preoperative glomerular filtration rate less than 30 ml/minute (p = 0.03) were independent predictive factors of morbidity.

Conclusions: Morbidity and mortality are significant in the octogenarian population. The

risk of complications should be considered in decision making for patients with renal cell carcinoma older than age 80 years.”
“The objective of this study was to assess the generality of the association of DRD2 and DAT genes and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) diagnosis/symptom severity. Two hundred ethnic Armenians from 12 multigenerational families exposed to the catastrophic 1988 Spitak earthquake were studied. Common polymorphisms A1/A2 alleles of the DRD2 and ’9′ repeat allele of DAT gene were genotyped. Heritability, association and linkage were assessed using variance component genetic analyses. After adjusting for the covariates, the heritabilities of PTSD diagnosis and B and C category symptoms were: 0.37, 0.75 and 0.39 respectively. Category D symptoms were not heritable.

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