Spontaneous contractions and possible consequent afferent nerve f

Spontaneous contractions and possible consequent afferent nerve firing might participate in the generation of OAB. The authors declare no conflict of interest. “
“Objectives: We report on our initial data from a prospective study to determine the efficacy of high-frequency magnetic stimulation on the sacral root (MSSR) for the intractable post-radical prostatectomy, stress urinary

incontinence (SUI). Methods: A total of 14 men with persistent SUI after a radical prostatectomy underwent treatment once every 2 weeks over a 40-week period for a total of 20 sessions. The outcome was assessed by these variables at baseline, at immediately after the first session, and at immediately after the final (20th) session. Results: Mean leak episodes (per day) consistently decreased after the first to the final session Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Library datasheet (from 6.1 Selleck Smoothened Agonist ± 2.9 to 3.5 ± 2.6, and to 3.0 ± 2.3, P < 0.01), and it remained to be decreased following 2 months after

the final session. The mean pad weight (per h) also decreased after the treatment (but no statistically significant change compared to the pretreatment level). The cystometric bladder capacity at the first desire to void and the capacity at the strong desire to void increased significantly following the high-frequency MSSR (first desire to void: from 146 ± 43 to 182 ± 52 mL; strong desire to void: from 224 ± 69 to 258 ± 60 mL, P < 0.01). No obvious complication was observed in any patients during or after the treatment. Conclusion: This study provides the preliminary evidence that high-frequency MSSR may potentially afford a useful option with minimal invasiveness Methane monooxygenase for the patients with obstinate SUI after a radical prostatectomy. “
“Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the causes for overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in women visiting a urological clinic. Methods: We prospectively recruited female patients with OAB symptoms between December 2008 and February 2010. All patients were interviewed for their

detailed personal and medical history. All patients completed a 3-day frequency-volume chart. Symptom severity was evaluated using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) questionnaires. All patients underwent either conventional pressure-flow urodynamic studies or video-urodynamic studies. On the basis of these evaluations, patients were assigned to one of the following categories: idiopathic OAB, stress urinary incontinence (SUI)-associated, neurogenic bladder, or bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). Results: A total of 108 female patients were recruited into the study. The mean age of the patients was 63.75 ± 14.02 years (range: 23–89). Detrusor overactivity was demonstrated in 55 patients (51%). The differential diagnosis was idiopathic OAB in 51 women (47.2%), SUI-associated in 46 (42.6%), neurogenic bladder in 13 (12.0%) and BOO in 7 (6.5%).

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