, cell wall 1–1.5 μm thick, inner layer 30–34 μm thick, composed of hyaline thin-walled cells (Fig. 4d). Hamathecium of dense, long cellular pseudoparaphyses, 2–4 μm broad, septate. Asci 75–108 × 9.5–12.5 μm (\( \barx = 92.8 \times 11.1\mu m \), n = 10), 8-spored, bitunicate, fissitunicate, dehiscence not observed, cylindro-clavate to clavate, with a furcate pedicel up to 6–25 μm long,
with a small ocular chamber best seen in immature asci (ca. 2 μm wide × 1 μm high) (Fig. 4b and c). Ascospores 20–25(−30) × 5–7.5 μm (\( \barx = 23.1 \times 6.3\mu m \), n = 10), obliquely uniseriate and partially overlapping to biseriate, fusoid to narrowly fusoid with narrowly rounded ends, brown, 1-septate, rarely 2- to 3-septate, deeply constricted at the median septum, smooth (Fig. 4e, f, g and h). Anamorph: Exosporiella fungorum (Fr.) P. Karst. (Sivanesan 1983). = Epochnium fungorum Fr., Syst. mycol. 3: 449 (1832). www.selleckchem.com/screening/epigenetics-compound-library.html Mycelium composed of branched, septate, pale brown hyphae. Stroma none. Conidiophores
macronematous or semi-macronematous, mononematous, hyaline, FK506 datasheet smooth, branched towards the apex. Conidiogenous cells monoblastic, cylindrical or doliform. Conidia cylindrical or ellipsoidal, dry, 3-4-septate, smooth, hyaline or pale brown. Material examined: UK, England, Warleigh near Bath, on fungus on bark (Epochnium sp.), Mar. 1866, leg. Warbright? (K(M):143936, syntype, ex herb. C.E. Broome). Notes Morphology Sphaeria epochnii was first described and illustrated by Berkeley and Broome (1866) from Britain and the anamorphic stage is the hyphomycetous Epochniella oxyclozanide fungorum. Sphaeria epochnii has subsequently been transferred to Melanomma (as M. epochnii (Berk. & Broome) Sacc.; Saccardo 1878a), Byssosphaeria (as B. epochnii (Berk. & Broome) Cooke; Massee 1887) and Chaetosphaeria (as C. epochnii (Berk. & Broome) Keissl.; Keissler 1922). The deposition of Sphaeria epochnii in Chaetosphaeria is obviously unacceptable, as Chaetosphaeria has unitunicate asci. Melanomma
has been reported having Aposphaeria or Pseudospiropes anamorphs, which differs from Exosporiella (Sivanesan 1983). In addition, the presence of well developed prosenchymatous stroma in Sphaeria epochnii can also readily distinguish it from Melanomma (Sivanesan 1983). The gregarious ascomata and formation of prosenchymatous stroma of Anomalemma resembles those of Cucurbitaria, but the pleosporaceous dictyosporous ascospores of Cucurbitaria readily distinguish it from Anomalemma epochnii. In addition, the pseudoparenchymatous peridium, fungicolous habitat and brown 1-septate ascospores, which later becoming 3-septate differ from any other pleosporalean genus. Thus a new genus, Anomalemma, was introduced to accommodate it (Sivanesan 1983). Anomalemma is presently monotypic. Phylogenetic study None.