Clin Rehabil 2010, 24:988–999 PubMedCrossRef 81 Schilling B, Sto

Clin Rehabil 2010, 24:988–999.PubMedCrossRef 81. Schilling B, Stone M, Utter A, Kearney J, Johnson M, Coglianese R, Smith L, O’Bryant H, Fry A, Starks M, et al.: Creatine supplementation and health variables: a retrospective study. Med Sci Paclitaxel mw Sports Exerc 2001, 33:183–188.PubMedCrossRef 82. Dalbo V, Roberts M, Stout J, Kerksick C: Putting to rest

the myth of creatine supplementation leading to muscle cramps and dehydration. Br J Sports Med 2008, 42:567–573.PubMedCrossRef 83. Watson G, Casa D, Fiala K, Hile A, Roti M, Healey J, Armstrong L, Maresh C: Creatine use and exercise heat tolerance in dehydrated men. J Athl Train 2006, 41:18–29.PubMed 84. Lopez R, Casa D, McDermott B, Ganio M, Armstrong L, Maresh C: Does creatine supplementation hinder exercise heat tolerance or hydration status? A systematic review with meta-analyses. J Athl Train 2009, 44:215–223.PubMedCrossRef 85. Hadjicharalambous M, Kilduff L, Pitsiladis Y: Brain serotonin and dopamine modulators, perceptual responses and endurance performance during exercise in the heat following creatine supplementation. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2008, 5:14.PubMedCrossRef Competing interests Maxinutrition

and the University of Greenwich are providing joint funding with to one of the author’s PhD project; however, this does not affect the selleck chemicals llc purpose of the review and its content. Authors’ contributions All authors have read, reviewed and contributed to the final SIS3 ic50 manuscript.”
“Background Many studies have examined the physiological alterations that occur in the body following a soccer match. These effects depend on the exercise intensity of the match and the playing position of each player. In fact, this physical exercise has been considered by some as a muscle-damaging exercise [1] due to the important alterations in some biochemical parameters which are surrogate markers of skeletal muscle damage or injury. Skeletal muscle damage is

characterized by delayed-onset muscle soreness, muscle fiber disarrangement, muscle protein release into plasma, acute-phase immune response, and a decrease in performance [2]. Moreover, exercise-induced muscle damage is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and other inflammatory molecules [3]. Under normal physiological conditions, the cellular antioxidant system removes these deleterious molecules. However, oxidative stress occurs when there is an imbalance between the production of free radicals and antioxidant defense. Oxidative stress may be involved in the aging process, cell damage, various pathologies, muscular fatigue, and overtraining (specifically inadequate recovery) [4].

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