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and the University of Greenwich are providing joint funding with to one of the author’s PhD project; however, this does not affect the selleck chemicals llc purpose of the review and its content. Authors’ contributions All authors have read, reviewed and contributed to the final SIS3 ic50 manuscript.”
“Background Many studies have examined the physiological alterations that occur in the body following a soccer match. These effects depend on the exercise intensity of the match and the playing position of each player. In fact, this physical exercise has been considered by some as a muscle-damaging exercise  due to the important alterations in some biochemical parameters which are surrogate markers of skeletal muscle damage or injury. Skeletal muscle damage is
characterized by delayed-onset muscle soreness, muscle fiber disarrangement, muscle protein release into plasma, acute-phase immune response, and a decrease in performance . Moreover, exercise-induced muscle damage is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and other inflammatory molecules . Under normal physiological conditions, the cellular antioxidant system removes these deleterious molecules. However, oxidative stress occurs when there is an imbalance between the production of free radicals and antioxidant defense. Oxidative stress may be involved in the aging process, cell damage, various pathologies, muscular fatigue, and overtraining (specifically inadequate recovery) .