The cakes acceptability shown as means (Table 4) indicates that the cakes with inulin, with oligofructose/inulin and standard cake were as widely accepted as the commercial, while the preference check details mapping (Fig. 3B) shows a preference for cakes developed in this work. Addition of the prebiotics inulin and oligofructose changes the attributes of crust
brownness, dough beigeness, stickiness, hardness and crumbliness of the standard cake, independent of the type of prebiotic. The acceptability and preference among consumers are similar for the orange cakes with prebiotics and the standard cake, and higher than for the commercially produced orange cakes. Therefore, addition of prebiotics to orange cakes is feasible, based upon sensory results, which click here may facilitate marketing of this functional food with sensory qualities equivalent to conventional products. The authors are grateful for financial support from FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo – grant 2010/00996-0), from Pró-Reitoria de Pesquisa da Unesp and for inulin and oligofructose provided by BENEO-Orafti. We thank David R. M. Mercer for English language review. “
“Many vegetables are source of several chemical compounds with
high importance to folk and modern medicine. The consumption of such foods (Kurzer & Xu, 1997) has been increasing steadily, and the food industries are concentrating more and more their attention to functional food types. U.S. market for functional foods, as estimated by the Nutrition Business Journal, may reach US$ 60 billion by 2010 (Henry, 1999). Soybeans [Glycine max (Merrill) L.] and soy-based foods have long been consumed mainly by Asians, and Bumetanide have become very popular due to their good quality protein and oil content ( Wang & Murphy, 1994). Soybean is an important food crop, and Brazil is a major producer of the soybean-complex (protein–oil–flour) ( CONAB, 2003). The benefits of soybean to human health have long been known and are widely recognized around the world. Soybean provides
potential benefits for several human diseases due to positive effects of several of its chemical components, mainly isoflavones and proteins. These natural constituents of soybeans display important biological activities, such as anticarcinogens, blood glucose lowering, and antioxidant ( Lee et al., 2003). More recently, attention has been paid to the isoflavone analysis of soy-based products (Fig. 1) and to the behavior of isoflavones during the variety of food processing technologies. During soybean protein processes, the malonylglucoside isoflavones are transformed to glucoside forms, and after the enzyme treatment it may be converted into aglycones (Park et al., 2002, Park et al., 2001 and Park et al., 2001). There are indications that the aglycone forms might be more bioactive (Grün et al., 2001) than their parent molecules. However, isoflavone profiles should greatly depend on the extent and level of heating during soy processing.